What causes gum disease?

The human mouth is full of bacteria. These bacteria, along with mucus and other particles, form sticky, colorless dental plaque on teeth. Brushing and flossing removes plaque. If the plaque is not removed, it can harden and form material called tartar. Brushing does not remove tartar. Only professional cleanings from a dentist or dental hygienist can remove tartar.

What is gingivitis?

The longer plaque and tartar stay on teeth, the more harmful they become. Bacteria causes gum inflammation called gingivitis where the gums become red and swollen and bleed easily. Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease. It can usually be reversed by daily brushing and flossing, along with regular cleanings by a dentist or dental hygienist. Mild gum disease does not cause loss of bone and tissue that hold teeth in place.

What can I expect after receiving a dental implant?

As you know, your own teeth require conscientious at-home oral care and regular dental visits. Dental implants are like your own teeth and require the same care. In order to keep your implant clean and plaque free, brushing and flossing still apply.

Is periodontal disease contagious?

Research has shown that periodontal disease is caused by the inflammatory reaction to bacteria under gums, so periodontal disease technically may not be contagious. However, the bacteria that cause the inflammatory reaction can be spread through saliva. This means that id one of your family members has periodontal disease, it’s a good idea to avoid contact with their saliva by not sharing eating utensils or oral health equipment. If you notice that your spouse or a family member has the warning signs of possible periodontal problem (bleeding, red and swollen gums or bad breath) you may want to suggest that they see the periodontist for an exam. It may also help to protect the oral health of everyone in the family.

What are the consequences of missing teeth?

There are actually several negative consequences of missing some or all of your teeth. First, missing teeth will affect the esthetics of your face. Not only will your smile be affected by the gaps from missing teeth, but if you’re missing too many teeth, the skin around your mouth won’t ve supported properly and will start to sag, making you appear older than you are. Additionally, missing teeth will make it more difficult to chew your food properly and may even affect the way you speak. Finally, missing even one tooth may have emotional consequences; many people feel less confident about their smile when they are missing teeth. If you are currently missing any of your teeth, consider replacing them with dental implants, which can look and feel just like natural teeth. Call us today for more information.

Why do I need a comprehensive Periodontal Evaluation?

By assessing your oral health on an annual basis, you and your periodontist will know how healthy your mouth is, and will be better able to notice any conditions that may need additional treatment.

Research has also shown, and experts agree, that there is an association between periodontal disease and other chronic inflammatory conditions, such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and respiratory diseases. Therefore, it is very important to treat the inflammation that causes periodontal disease as soon as possible to ensure that your entire body stays healthy.

Do I need x-rays for my first visit?

We will need current periodontal x-rays in order to see disease not otherwise visible. If your referring dentist has taken x-rays, you may request that they be forwarded to us. We can also call your dentist and request the x-rays be emailed to us.

Will I need surgery?

Not everyone needs periodontal surgery. If treated early, gum disease can be controlled without surgery. We will make recommendations based on your individual situation.

Can teeth be saved?

The recent advances in periodontal treatment allow us to successfully treat most teeth.

What if I don't have gum treatment?

Periodontal disease is a progressive, painless infection at early stage. Delay can cause you further bone loss and more expense. If your teeth are lost, dentures are never as effective as your own teeth.


We encourage you to contact us with any questions or comments you may have. Please call our office at 281-332-7563 or use this quick contact form.